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Senden von Dateien mit POST mit HttpURLConnection

Da die Android-Entwickler empfehlen die HttpURLConnection-Klasse verwenden, habe ich mich gefragt, ob mir jemand ein gutes Beispiel geben kann, wie eine Bitmap-Datei (tatsächlich ein In-Memory-Stream) über POST gesendet wird. zu einem Apache HTTP-Server. Ich interessiere mich nicht für Cookies oder Authentifizierung oder etwas kompliziertes, aber ich möchte nur eine zuverlässige und logische Implementierung. Alle Beispiele, die ich hier gesehen habe, sehen eher aus wie "Lass es uns versuchen und vielleicht funktioniert es".

Im Moment habe ich diesen Code:

URL url;
HttpURLConnection urlConnection = null;
try {
    url = new URL("http://example.com/server.cgi");

    urlConnection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();

} catch (Exception e) {
    this.showDialog(getApplicationContext(), e.getMessage());
}
finally {
    if (urlConnection != null)
    {
        urlConnection.disconnect();
    }
}

wo sollte showDialog nur eine AlertDialog anzeigen (im Falle einer ungültigen URL?).

Angenommen, ich generiere eine Bitmap wie folgt: Bitmap image = this.getBitmap() in einem von View abgeleiteten Steuerelement, und ich möchte es per POST senden. Was wäre das richtige Verfahren, um so etwas zu erreichen? Welche Klassen muss ich verwenden? Kann ich HttpPost wie in diesem Beispiel verwenden? Wenn ja, wie würde ich die InputStreamEntity für meine Bitmap erstellen? Ich würde es als widerlich empfinden, die Bitmap zuerst in einer Datei auf dem Gerät speichern zu müssen.


Ich sollte auch erwähnen, dass ich wirklich jeden unveränderten Pixel der ursprünglichen Bitmap an den Server senden muss, sodass ich ihn nicht in JPEG konvertieren kann.

113
Mihai Todor

Ich habe keine Ahnung, warum die HttpURLConnection-Klasse keine Möglichkeit bietet, Dateien zu senden, ohne den Datei-Wrapper manuell zusammenstellen zu müssen. Hier ist, was ich am Ende getan habe, aber wenn jemand eine bessere Lösung kennt, lass es mich wissen.

Eingabedaten:

Bitmap bitmap = myView.getBitmap();

Statisches Zeug:

String attachmentName = "bitmap";
String attachmentFileName = "bitmap.bmp";
String crlf = "\r\n";
String twoHyphens = "--";
String boundary =  "*****";

Richten Sie die Anfrage ein:

HttpURLConnection httpUrlConnection = null;
URL url = new URL("http://example.com/server.cgi");
httpUrlConnection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
httpUrlConnection.setUseCaches(false);
httpUrlConnection.setDoOutput(true);

httpUrlConnection.setRequestMethod("POST");
httpUrlConnection.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
httpUrlConnection.setRequestProperty("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
httpUrlConnection.setRequestProperty(
    "Content-Type", "multipart/form-data;boundary=" + this.boundary);

Content Wrapper starten:

DataOutputStream request = new DataOutputStream(
    httpUrlConnection.getOutputStream());

request.writeBytes(this.twoHyphens + this.boundary + this.crlf);
request.writeBytes("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" +
    this.attachmentName + "\";filename=\"" + 
    this.attachmentFileName + "\"" + this.crlf);
request.writeBytes(this.crlf);

Konvertieren Sie Bitmap in ByteBuffer:

//I want to send only 8 bit black & white bitmaps
byte[] pixels = new byte[bitmap.getWidth() * bitmap.getHeight()];
for (int i = 0; i < bitmap.getWidth(); ++i) {
    for (int j = 0; j < bitmap.getHeight(); ++j) {
        //we're interested only in the MSB of the first byte, 
        //since the other 3 bytes are identical for B&W images
        pixels[i + j] = (byte) ((bitmap.getPixel(i, j) & 0x80) >> 7);
    }
}

request.write(pixels);

Ende des Inhalts-Wrappers:

request.writeBytes(this.crlf);
request.writeBytes(this.twoHyphens + this.boundary + 
    this.twoHyphens + this.crlf);

Ausgabepuffer spülen:

request.flush();
request.close();

Erhalten Antwort:

InputStream responseStream = new 
    BufferedInputStream(httpUrlConnection.getInputStream());

BufferedReader responseStreamReader = 
    new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(responseStream));

String line = "";
StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();

while ((line = responseStreamReader.readLine()) != null) {
    stringBuilder.append(line).append("\n");
}
responseStreamReader.close();

String response = stringBuilder.toString();

Schließen Sie den Antwortstrom:

responseStream.close();

Verbindung schließen:

httpUrlConnection.disconnect();

PS: Natürlich musste ich die Anfrage in private class AsyncUploadBitmaps extends AsyncTask<Bitmap, Void, String> einpacken, um die Android-Plattform glücklich zu machen, da sie keine Netzwerkanfragen im Haupt-Thread hat.

181
Mihai Todor

Ich habe tatsächlich einen besseren Weg gefunden, um Dateien mit HttpURLConnection mit MultipartEntity zu senden

private static String multipost(String urlString, MultipartEntity reqEntity) {
    try {
        URL url = new URL(urlString);
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        conn.setReadTimeout(10000);
        conn.setConnectTimeout(15000);
        conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
        conn.setUseCaches(false);
        conn.setDoInput(true);
        conn.setDoOutput(true);

        conn.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
        conn.addRequestProperty("Content-length", reqEntity.getContentLength()+"");
        conn.addRequestProperty(reqEntity.getContentType().getName(), reqEntity.getContentType().getValue());

        OutputStream os = conn.getOutputStream();
        reqEntity.writeTo(conn.getOutputStream());
        os.close();
        conn.connect();

        if (conn.getResponseCode() == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
            return readStream(conn.getInputStream());
        }

    } catch (Exception e) {
        Log.e(TAG, "multipart post error " + e + "(" + urlString + ")");
    }
    return null;        
}

private static String readStream(InputStream in) {
    BufferedReader reader = null;
    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
    try {
        reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
        String line = "";
        while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
            builder.append(line);
        }
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } finally {
        if (reader != null) {
            try {
                reader.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    return builder.toString();
} 

Angenommen, Sie laden ein Bild mit Bitmap-Daten hoch:

    Bitmap bitmap = ...;
    String filename = "filename.png";
    ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 100, bos);
    ContentBody contentPart = new ByteArrayBody(bos.toByteArray(), filename);

    MultipartEntity reqEntity = new MultipartEntity(HttpMultipartMode.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE);
    reqEntity.addPart("picture", contentPart);
    String response = multipost("http://server.com", reqEntity);

Und Voila! Ihre Postdaten enthalten ein Bildfeld sowie den Dateinamen und den Pfad auf Ihrem Server.

64
Pencilcheck

So laden Sie die Datei mit einem Parameter auf dem Server hoch, indem Sie MultipartUtility auf einfache Weise verwenden.

MultipartUtility.Java

public class MultipartUtility {

    private final String boundary;
    private static final String LINE_FEED = "\r\n";
    private HttpURLConnection httpConn;
    private String charset;
    private OutputStream outputStream;
    private PrintWriter writer;

    /**
     * This constructor initializes a new HTTP POST request with content type
     * is set to multipart/form-data
     *
     * @param requestURL
     * @param charset
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public MultipartUtility(String requestURL, String charset)
            throws IOException {
        this.charset = charset;

        // creates a unique boundary based on time stamp
        boundary = "===" + System.currentTimeMillis() + "===";

        URL url = new URL(requestURL);
        Log.e("URL", "URL : " + requestURL.toString());
        httpConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        httpConn.setUseCaches(false);
        httpConn.setDoOutput(true); // indicates POST method
        httpConn.setDoInput(true);
        httpConn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type",
                "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary);
        httpConn.setRequestProperty("User-Agent", "CodeJava Agent");
        httpConn.setRequestProperty("Test", "Bonjour");
        outputStream = httpConn.getOutputStream();
        writer = new PrintWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(outputStream, charset),
                true);
    }

    /**
     * Adds a form field to the request
     *
     * @param name  field name
     * @param value field value
     */
    public void addFormField(String name, String value) {
        writer.append("--" + boundary).append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + name + "\"")
                .append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.append("Content-Type: text/plain; charset=" + charset).append(
                LINE_FEED);
        writer.append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.append(value).append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Adds a upload file section to the request
     *
     * @param fieldName  name attribute in <input type="file" name="..." />
     * @param uploadFile a File to be uploaded
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public void addFilePart(String fieldName, File uploadFile)
            throws IOException {
        String fileName = uploadFile.getName();
        writer.append("--" + boundary).append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.append(
                "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + fieldName
                        + "\"; filename=\"" + fileName + "\"")
                .append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.append(
                "Content-Type: "
                        + URLConnection.guessContentTypeFromName(fileName))
                .append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.append("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary").append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.flush();

        FileInputStream inputStream = new FileInputStream(uploadFile);
        byte[] buffer = new byte[4096];
        int bytesRead = -1;
        while ((bytesRead = inputStream.read(buffer)) != -1) {
            outputStream.write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
        }
        outputStream.flush();
        inputStream.close();

        writer.append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Adds a header field to the request.
     *
     * @param name  - name of the header field
     * @param value - value of the header field
     */
    public void addHeaderField(String name, String value) {
        writer.append(name + ": " + value).append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Completes the request and receives response from the server.
     *
     * @return a list of Strings as response in case the server returned
     * status OK, otherwise an exception is thrown.
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public String finish() throws IOException {
        StringBuffer response = new StringBuffer();

        writer.append(LINE_FEED).flush();
        writer.append("--" + boundary + "--").append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.close();

        // checks server's status code first
        int status = httpConn.getResponseCode();
        if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                    httpConn.getInputStream()));
            String line = null;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                response.append(line);
            }
            reader.close();
            httpConn.disconnect();
        } else {
            throw new IOException("Server returned non-OK status: " + status);
        }

        return response.toString();
    }
}

Um upload Sie file zusammen mit Parametern.

HINWEIS: Fügen Sie diesen Code in Nicht-Ui-Thread ein, um eine Antwort zu erhalten.

String charset = "UTF-8";
String requestURL = "YOUR_URL";

MultipartUtility multipart = new MultipartUtility(requestURL, charset);
multipart.addFormField("param_name_1", "param_value");
multipart.addFormField("param_name_2", "param_value");
multipart.addFormField("param_name_3", "param_value");
multipart.addFilePart("file_param_1", new File(file_path));
String response = multipart.finish(); // response from server.
53
Jaydipsinh Zala

Die Lösung von Jaydipsinh Zala hat für mich nicht funktioniert, ich weiß nicht warum, aber es scheint nahe an der Lösung zu sein. 

Durch die Kombination dieser Lösung mit der großartigen Lösung und Erklärung von Mihai Todor ist das Ergebnis diese Klasse, die derzeit für mich funktioniert. Wenn es jemandem hilft:

MultipartUtility2V.Java

import Java.io.*;
import Java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import Java.net.URL;
import Java.nio.file.Files;

public class MultipartUtilityV2 {
    private HttpURLConnection httpConn;
    private DataOutputStream request;
    private final String boundary =  "*****";
    private final String crlf = "\r\n";
    private final String twoHyphens = "--";

    /**
     * This constructor initializes a new HTTP POST request with content type
     * is set to multipart/form-data
     *
     * @param requestURL
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public MultipartUtilityV2(String requestURL)
            throws IOException {

        // creates a unique boundary based on time stamp
        URL url = new URL(requestURL);
        httpConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        httpConn.setUseCaches(false);
        httpConn.setDoOutput(true); // indicates POST method
        httpConn.setDoInput(true);

        httpConn.setRequestMethod("POST");
        httpConn.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
        httpConn.setRequestProperty("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
        httpConn.setRequestProperty(
                "Content-Type", "multipart/form-data;boundary=" + this.boundary);

        request =  new DataOutputStream(httpConn.getOutputStream());
    }

    /**
     * Adds a form field to the request
     *
     * @param name  field name
     * @param value field value
     */
    public void addFormField(String name, String value)throws IOException  {
        request.writeBytes(this.twoHyphens + this.boundary + this.crlf);
        request.writeBytes("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + name + "\""+ this.crlf);
        request.writeBytes("Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8" + this.crlf);
        request.writeBytes(this.crlf);
        request.writeBytes(value+ this.crlf);
        request.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Adds a upload file section to the request
     *
     * @param fieldName  name attribute in <input type="file" name="..." />
     * @param uploadFile a File to be uploaded
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public void addFilePart(String fieldName, File uploadFile)
            throws IOException {
        String fileName = uploadFile.getName();
        request.writeBytes(this.twoHyphens + this.boundary + this.crlf);
        request.writeBytes("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" +
                fieldName + "\";filename=\"" +
                fileName + "\"" + this.crlf);
        request.writeBytes(this.crlf);

        byte[] bytes = Files.readAllBytes(uploadFile.toPath());
        request.write(bytes);
    }

    /**
     * Completes the request and receives response from the server.
     *
     * @return a list of Strings as response in case the server returned
     * status OK, otherwise an exception is thrown.
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public String finish() throws IOException {
        String response ="";

        request.writeBytes(this.crlf);
        request.writeBytes(this.twoHyphens + this.boundary +
                this.twoHyphens + this.crlf);

        request.flush();
        request.close();

        // checks server's status code first
        int status = httpConn.getResponseCode();
        if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
            InputStream responseStream = new
                    BufferedInputStream(httpConn.getInputStream());

            BufferedReader responseStreamReader =
                    new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(responseStream));

            String line = "";
            StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();

            while ((line = responseStreamReader.readLine()) != null) {
                stringBuilder.append(line).append("\n");
            }
            responseStreamReader.close();

            response = stringBuilder.toString();
            httpConn.disconnect();
        } else {
            throw new IOException("Server returned non-OK status: " + status);
        }

        return response;
    }
}
8
Georgevik

basierend auf Mihais Lösung, wenn jemand das Problem hat, Bilder auf dem Server zu speichern, wie es auf meinem Server passiert ist. Ändern Sie den Bitmap-Teil in Bytepuffer in: 

ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG,100,bos);
        byte[] pixels = bos.toByteArray();
2
m_____ilk

Ich habe dies nicht getestet, aber Sie können PipedInputStream und PipedOutputStream verwenden. Es könnte ungefähr so ​​aussehen:

final Bitmap bmp = … // your bitmap

// Set up Piped streams
final PipedOutputStream pos = new PipedOutputStream(new ByteArrayOutputStream());
final PipedInputStream pis = new PipedInputStream(pos);

// Send bitmap data to the PipedOutputStream in a separate thread
new Thread() {
    public void run() {
        bmp.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 100, pos);
    }
}.start();

// Send POST request
try {
    // Construct InputStreamEntity that feeds off of the PipedInputStream
    InputStreamEntity reqEntity = new InputStreamEntity(pis, -1);

    HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    HttpPost httppost = new HttpPost(url);
    reqEntity.setContentType("binary/octet-stream");
    reqEntity.setChunked(true);
    httppost.setEntity(reqEntity);
    HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httppost);
} catch (Exception e) {
    e.printStackTrace()
}
1
Rico Yao

Diese Antwort https://stackoverflow.com/a/33149413/6481542 brachte mich beim Hochladen großer Dateien auf einen Entwicklungs-Django-Server zu 90%, aber ich musste setFixedLengthStreamingMode verwenden, um zu funktionieren . Dies erfordert, dass vor dem Schreiben des Inhalts die Inhaltslänge festgelegt wird, sodass die obige Antwort ziemlich neu geschrieben werden muss. Hier ist mein Endergebnis

public class MultipartLargeUtility {
    private final String boundary;
    private static final String LINE_FEED = "\r\n";
    private HttpURLConnection httpConn;
    private String charset;
    private OutputStream outputStream;
    private PrintWriter writer;
    private final int maxBufferSize = 4096;
    private long contentLength = 0;
    private URL url;

    private List<FormField> fields;
    private List<FilePart> files;

    private class FormField {
        public String name;
        public String value;

        public FormField(String name, String value) {
            this.name = name;
            this.value = value;
        }
    }

    private class FilePart {
        public String fieldName;
        public File uploadFile;

        public FilePart(String fieldName, File uploadFile) {
            this.fieldName = fieldName;
            this.uploadFile = uploadFile;
        }
    }

    /**
     * This constructor initializes a new HTTP POST request with content type
     * is set to multipart/form-data
     *
     * @param requestURL
     * @param charset
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public MultipartLargeUtility(String requestURL, String charset, boolean requireCSRF)
            throws IOException {
        this.charset = charset;

        // creates a unique boundary based on time stamp
        boundary = "===" + System.currentTimeMillis() + "===";
        url = new URL(requestURL);
        fields = new ArrayList<>();
        files = new ArrayList<>();

        if (requireCSRF) {
            getCSRF();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Adds a form field to the request
     *
     * @param name  field name
     * @param value field value
     */
    public void addFormField(String name, String value)
            throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        String fieldContent = "--" + boundary + LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + name + "\"" + LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=" + charset + LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += value + LINE_FEED;
        contentLength += fieldContent.getBytes(charset).length;
        fields.add(new FormField(name, value));
    }

    /**
     * Adds a upload file section to the request
     *
     * @param fieldName  name attribute in <input type="file" name="..." />
     * @param uploadFile a File to be uploaded
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public void addFilePart(String fieldName, File uploadFile)
            throws IOException {
        String fileName = uploadFile.getName();

        String fieldContent = "--" + boundary + LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + fieldName
                + "\"; filename=\"" + fileName + "\"" + LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += "Content-Type: "
                + URLConnection.guessContentTypeFromName(fileName) + LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += "Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary" + LINE_FEED;
        fieldContent += LINE_FEED;
        // file content would go here
        fieldContent += LINE_FEED;
        contentLength += fieldContent.getBytes(charset).length;
        contentLength += uploadFile.length();
        files.add(new FilePart(fieldName, uploadFile));
    }

    /**
     * Adds a header field to the request.
     *
     * @param name  - name of the header field
     * @param value - value of the header field
     */
    //public void addHeaderField(String name, String value) {
    //    writer.append(name + ": " + value).append(LINE_FEED);
    //    writer.flush();
    //}

    /**
     * Completes the request and receives response from the server.
     *
     * @return a list of Strings as response in case the server returned
     * status OK, otherwise an exception is thrown.
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public List<String> finish() throws IOException {
        List<String> response = new ArrayList<String>();
        String content = "--" + boundary + "--" + LINE_FEED;
        contentLength += content.getBytes(charset).length;

        if (!openConnection()) {
            return response;
        }

        writeContent();

        // checks server's status code first
        int status = httpConn.getResponseCode();
        if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                    httpConn.getInputStream()));
            String line = null;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                response.add(line);
            }
            reader.close();
            httpConn.disconnect();
        } else {
            throw new IOException("Server returned non-OK status: " + status);
        }
        return response;
    }

    private boolean getCSRF()
            throws IOException {
        /// First, need to get CSRF token from server
        /// Use GET request to get the token
        CookieManager cookieManager = new CookieManager();
        CookieHandler.setDefault(cookieManager);
        HttpURLConnection conn = null;

        conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();

        conn.setUseCaches(false); // Don't use a Cached Copy
        conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
        conn.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
        conn.getContent();
        conn.disconnect();

        /// parse the returned object for the CSRF token
        CookieStore cookieJar = cookieManager.getCookieStore();
        List<HttpCookie> cookies = cookieJar.getCookies();
        String csrf = null;
        for (HttpCookie cookie : cookies) {
            Log.d("cookie", "" + cookie);
            if (cookie.getName().equals("csrftoken")) {
                csrf = cookie.getValue();
                break;
            }
        }
        if (csrf == null) {
            Log.d(TAG, "Unable to get CSRF");
            return false;
        }
        Log.d(TAG, "Received cookie: " + csrf);

        addFormField("csrfmiddlewaretoken", csrf);
        return true;
    }

    private boolean openConnection()
            throws IOException {
        httpConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        httpConn.setUseCaches(false);
        httpConn.setDoOutput(true);    // indicates POST method
        httpConn.setDoInput(true);
        //httpConn.setRequestProperty("Accept-Encoding", "identity");
        httpConn.setFixedLengthStreamingMode(contentLength);
        httpConn.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
        httpConn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type",
                "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary);
        outputStream = new BufferedOutputStream(httpConn.getOutputStream());
        writer = new PrintWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(outputStream, charset),
                true);
        return true;
    }

    private void writeContent()
            throws IOException {

        for (FormField field : fields) {
            writer.append("--" + boundary).append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + field.name + "\"")
                    .append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.append("Content-Type: text/plain; charset=" + charset).append(
                    LINE_FEED);
            writer.append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.append(field.value).append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.flush();
        }

        for (FilePart filePart : files) {
            String fileName = filePart.uploadFile.getName();
            writer.append("--" + boundary).append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.append(
                    "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + filePart.fieldName
                            + "\"; filename=\"" + fileName + "\"")
                    .append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.append(
                    "Content-Type: "
                            + URLConnection.guessContentTypeFromName(fileName))
                    .append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.append("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary").append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.flush();

            FileInputStream inputStream = new FileInputStream(filePart.uploadFile);
            int bufferSize = Math.min(inputStream.available(), maxBufferSize);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[bufferSize];
            int bytesRead = -1;
            while ((bytesRead = inputStream.read(buffer, 0, bufferSize)) != -1) {
                outputStream.write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
            }
            outputStream.flush();
            inputStream.close();
            writer.append(LINE_FEED);
            writer.flush();
        }

        writer.append("--" + boundary + "--").append(LINE_FEED);
        writer.close();
    }
}

Die Verwendung ist weitgehend dieselbe wie in der obigen Antwort, aber ich habe die CSRF-Unterstützung aufgenommen, die Django standardmäßig für Formulare verwendet

boolean useCSRF = true;
MultipartLargeUtility multipart = new MultipartLargeUtility(url, "UTF-8",useCSRF);
multipart.addFormField("param1","value");
multipart.addFilePart("filefield",new File("/path/to/file"));
List<String> response = multipart.finish();
Log.w(TAG,"SERVER REPLIED:");
for(String line : response) {
    Log.w(TAG, "Upload Files Response:::" + line);
}
1
Nick C

Ich habe die oben genannten Lösungen ausprobiert und keine hat für mich aus der Box heraus funktioniert.

Jedoch http://www.baeldung.com/httpclient-post-http-request . Zeile 6 POST Multipart-Anforderung hat innerhalb von Sekunden funktioniert

public void whenSendMultipartRequestUsingHttpClient_thenCorrect() 
  throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
    CloseableHttpClient client = HttpClients.createDefault();
    HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost("http://www.example.com");

    MultipartEntityBuilder builder = MultipartEntityBuilder.create();
    builder.addTextBody("username", "John");
    builder.addTextBody("password", "pass");
    builder.addBinaryBody("file", new File("test.txt"),
      ContentType.APPLICATION_OCTET_STREAM, "file.ext");

    HttpEntity multipart = builder.build();
    httpPost.setEntity(multipart);

    CloseableHttpResponse response = client.execute(httpPost);
    client.close();
}
0

Ich fand die Verwendung von okHttp viel einfacher, da ich keine der folgenden Lösungen erhalten konnte: https://stackoverflow.com/a/37942387/447549

0
Clive Jefferies

Hier ist das, was ich für das Hochladen von Fotos mit der Post-Anfrage getan habe.

public void uploadFile(int directoryID, String filePath) {
    Bitmap bitmapOrg = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(filePath);
    ByteArrayOutputStream bao = new ByteArrayOutputStream();

    String upload_url = BASE_URL + UPLOAD_FILE;
    bitmapOrg.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 90, bao);

    byte[] data = bao.toByteArray();

    HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    HttpPost postRequest = new HttpPost(upload_url);
    MultipartEntity entity = new MultipartEntity(HttpMultipartMode.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE);

    try {
        // Set Data and Content-type header for the image
        FileBody fb = new FileBody(new File(filePath), "image/jpeg");
        StringBody contentString = new StringBody(directoryID + "");

        entity.addPart("file", fb);
        entity.addPart("directory_id", contentString);
        postRequest.setEntity(entity);

        HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(postRequest);
        // Read the response
        String jsonString = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity());
        Log.e("response after uploading file ", jsonString);

    } catch (Exception e) {
        Log.e("Error in uploadFile", e.getMessage());
    }
}

HINWEIS: Für diesen Code sind Bibliotheken erforderlich. Folgen Sie den Anweisungen here , um die Bibliotheken zu erhalten.

0