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Überprüfen Sie die Internetverbindung mit Swift

Wenn ich versuche, auf meinem iPhone nach einer Internetverbindung zu suchen, wird eine Reihe von Fehlern angezeigt. Kann mir jemand helfen, das zu beheben?

Der Code:

import Foundation
import SystemConfiguration

public class Reachability {

class func isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool {

    var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in()
    zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(sizeofValue(zeroAddress))
    zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

    let defaultRouteReachability = withUnsafePointer(&zeroAddress) {
        SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, UnsafePointer($0))
    }

    var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = 0

    if SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability, &flags) == 0 {
        return false
    }

    let isReachable = (flags & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsReachable)) != 0
    let needsConnection = (flags & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsConnectionRequired)) != 0

    return (isReachable && !needsConnection) ? true : false
}

}

Die Fehler mit dem Code:

Errors

Wenn es nicht lesbar ist, sagt Fehler 1:

'Int' kann nicht in 'SCNetworkReachabilityFlags' konvertiert werden

Fehler 2 & 3:

Es wurde keine Überladung für 'init' gefunden, die die angegebenen Argumente akzeptiert

209
b3rge

Um das in den Kommentaren erwähnte 4G-Problem zu lösen, habe ich die @AshleyMills-Implementierungsfähigkeit als Referenz verwendet und die Erreichbarkeit für Swift 3.1 neu geschrieben:

aktualisiert: Xcode 10.1 • Swift 4.2.1


Erreichbarkeit.Schnelldatei

import Foundation
import SystemConfiguration

class Reachability {
    var hostname: String?
    var isRunning = false
    var isReachableOnWWAN: Bool
    var reachability: SCNetworkReachability?
    var reachabilityFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags()
    let reachabilitySerialQueue = DispatchQueue(label: "ReachabilityQueue")
    init?(hostname: String) throws {
        guard let reachability = SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithName(nil, hostname) else {
            throw Network.Error.failedToCreateWith(hostname)
        }
        self.reachability = reachability
        self.hostname = hostname
        isReachableOnWWAN = true
        try start()
    }
    init() throws {
        var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in()
        zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(MemoryLayout<sockaddr_in>.size)
        zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)
        guard let reachability = withUnsafePointer(to: &zeroAddress, {
            $0.withMemoryRebound(to: sockaddr.self, capacity: 1) {
                SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, $0)
            }
        }) else {
            throw Network.Error.failedToInitializeWith(zeroAddress)
        }
        self.reachability = reachability
        isReachableOnWWAN = true
        try start()
    }
    var status: Network.Status {
        return  !isConnectedToNetwork ? .unreachable :
                isReachableViaWiFi    ? .wifi :
                isRunningOnDevice     ? .wwan : .unreachable
    }
    var isRunningOnDevice: Bool = {
        #if targetEnvironment(simulator)
            return false
        #else
            return true
        #endif
    }()
    deinit { stop() }
}

extension Reachability {

    func start() throws {
        guard let reachability = reachability, !isRunning else { return }
        var context = SCNetworkReachabilityContext(version: 0, info: nil, retain: nil, release: nil, copyDescription: nil)
        context.info = Unmanaged<Reachability>.passUnretained(self).toOpaque()
        guard SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback(reachability, callout, &context) else { stop()
            throw Network.Error.failedToSetCallout
        }
        guard SCNetworkReachabilitySetDispatchQueue(reachability, reachabilitySerialQueue) else { stop()
            throw Network.Error.failedToSetDispatchQueue
        }
        reachabilitySerialQueue.async { self.flagsChanged() }
        isRunning = true
    }

    func stop() {
        defer { isRunning = false }
        guard let reachability = reachability else { return }
        SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback(reachability, nil, nil)
        SCNetworkReachabilitySetDispatchQueue(reachability, nil)
        self.reachability = nil
    }

    var isConnectedToNetwork: Bool {
        return isReachable &&
               !isConnectionRequiredAndTransientConnection &&
               !(isRunningOnDevice && isWWAN && !isReachableOnWWAN)
    }

    var isReachableViaWiFi: Bool {
        return isReachable && isRunningOnDevice && !isWWAN
    }

    /// Flags that indicate the reachability of a network node name or address, including whether a connection is required, and whether some user intervention might be required when establishing a connection.
    var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags? {
        guard let reachability = reachability else { return nil }
        var flags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags()
        return withUnsafeMutablePointer(to: &flags) {
            SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(reachability, UnsafeMutablePointer($0))
            } ? flags : nil
    }

    /// compares the current flags with the previous flags and if changed posts a flagsChanged notification
    func flagsChanged() {
        guard let flags = flags, flags != reachabilityFlags else { return }
        reachabilityFlags = flags
        NotificationCenter.default.post(name: .flagsChanged, object: self)
    }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached via a transient connection, such as PPP.
    var transientConnection: Bool { return flags?.contains(.transientConnection) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached using the current network configuration.
    var isReachable: Bool { return flags?.contains(.reachable) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached using the current network configuration, but a connection must first be established. If this flag is set, the kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionOnTraffic flag, kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionOnDemand flag, or kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsIsWWAN flag is also typically set to indicate the type of connection required. If the user must manually make the connection, the kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsInterventionRequired flag is also set.
    var connectionRequired: Bool { return flags?.contains(.connectionRequired) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached using the current network configuration, but a connection must first be established. Any traffic directed to the specified name or address will initiate the connection.
    var connectionOnTraffic: Bool { return flags?.contains(.connectionOnTraffic) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached using the current network configuration, but a connection must first be established.
    var interventionRequired: Bool { return flags?.contains(.interventionRequired) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached using the current network configuration, but a connection must first be established. The connection will be established "On Demand" by the CFSocketStream programming interface (see CFStream Socket Additions for information on this). Other functions will not establish the connection.
    var connectionOnDemand: Bool { return flags?.contains(.connectionOnDemand) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address is one that is associated with a network interface on the current system.
    var isLocalAddress: Bool { return flags?.contains(.isLocalAddress) == true }

    /// Network traffic to the specified node name or address will not go through a gateway, but is routed directly to one of the interfaces in the system.
    var isDirect: Bool { return flags?.contains(.isDirect) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached via a cellular connection, such as Edge or GPRS.
    var isWWAN: Bool { return flags?.contains(.isWWAN) == true }

    /// The specified node name or address can be reached using the current network configuration, but a connection must first be established. If this flag is set
    /// The specified node name or address can be reached via a transient connection, such as PPP.
    var isConnectionRequiredAndTransientConnection: Bool {
        return (flags?.intersection([.connectionRequired, .transientConnection]) == [.connectionRequired, .transientConnection]) == true
    }
}

func callout(reachability: SCNetworkReachability, flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags, info: UnsafeMutableRawPointer?) {
    guard let info = info else { return }
    DispatchQueue.main.async {
        Unmanaged<Reachability>
            .fromOpaque(info)
            .takeUnretainedValue()
            .flagsChanged()
    }
}

extension Notification.Name {
    static let flagsChanged = Notification.Name("FlagsChanged")
}

struct Network {
    static var reachability: Reachability!
    enum Status: String {
        case unreachable, wifi, wwan
    }
    enum Error: Swift.Error {
        case failedToSetCallout
        case failedToSetDispatchQueue
        case failedToCreateWith(String)
        case failedToInitializeWith(sockaddr_in)
    }
}

Verwendungszweck

Initialisieren Sie es in Ihrer AppDelegate.Swift didFinishLaunchingWithOptions-Methode, und behandeln Sie alle möglicherweise auftretenden Fehler:

import UIKit
@UIApplicationMain
class AppDelegate: UIResponder, UIApplicationDelegate {
    var window: UIWindow?
    func application(_ application: UIApplication, didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [UIApplication.LaunchOptionsKey: Any]?) -> Bool {
        do {
            try Network.reachability = Reachability(hostname: "www.google.com")
        }
        catch {
            switch error as? Network.Error {
            case let .failedToCreateWith(hostname)?:
                print("Network error:\nFailed to create reachability object With Host named:", hostname)
            case let .failedToInitializeWith(address)?:
                print("Network error:\nFailed to initialize reachability object With address:", address)
            case .failedToSetCallout?:
                print("Network error:\nFailed to set callout")
            case .failedToSetDispatchQueue?:
                print("Network error:\nFailed to set DispatchQueue")
            case .none:
                print(error)
            }
        }
        return true
    }
}

Und ein View-Controller-Beispiel:

import UIKit
class ViewController: UIViewController {
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        NotificationCenter.default
            .addObserver(self,
                         selector: #selector(statusManager),
                         name: .flagsChanged,
                         object: nil)
        updateUserInterface()
    }
    func updateUserInterface() {
        switch Network.reachability.status {
        case .unreachable:
            view.backgroundColor = .red
        case .wwan:
            view.backgroundColor = .yellow
        case .wifi:
            view.backgroundColor = .green
        }
        print("Reachability Summary")
        print("Status:", Network.reachability.status)
        print("HostName:", Network.reachability.hostname ?? "nil")
        print("Reachable:", Network.reachability.isReachable)
        print("Wifi:", Network.reachability.isReachableViaWiFi)
    }
    @objc func statusManager(_ notification: Notification) {
        updateUserInterface()
    }
}

Beispielprojekt

336
Leo Dabus

Für Swift 3, Swift 4 (Arbeiten mit Mobiltelefon und Wi-Fi):

import SystemConfiguration

public class Reachability {

    class func isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool {

        var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in(sin_len: 0, sin_family: 0, sin_port: 0, sin_addr: in_addr(s_addr: 0), sin_zero: (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0))
        zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(MemoryLayout.size(ofValue: zeroAddress))
        zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

        let defaultRouteReachability = withUnsafePointer(to: &zeroAddress) {
            $0.withMemoryRebound(to: sockaddr.self, capacity: 1) {zeroSockAddress in
                SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, zeroSockAddress)
            }
        }

        var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags(rawValue: 0)
        if SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability!, &flags) == false {
            return false
        }

        /* Only Working for WIFI
        let isReachable = flags == .reachable
        let needsConnection = flags == .connectionRequired

        return isReachable && !needsConnection
        */

        // Working for Cellular and WIFI
        let isReachable = (flags.rawValue & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsReachable)) != 0
        let needsConnection = (flags.rawValue & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsConnectionRequired)) != 0
        let ret = (isReachable && !needsConnection)

        return ret

    }
}

Verwendungszweck:

if Reachability.isConnectedToNetwork(){
    print("Internet Connection Available!")
}else{
    print("Internet Connection not Available!")
}
163
Rajamohan S

Erstellen Sie eine neue Swift-Datei in Ihrem Projekt, nennen Sie sie Reachability.Swift. Schneiden Sie den folgenden Code aus, und fügen Sie ihn ein, um Ihre Klasse zu erstellen.

import Foundation
import SystemConfiguration

public class Reachability {

    class func isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool {

        var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in(sin_len: 0, sin_family: 0, sin_port: 0, sin_addr: in_addr(s_addr: 0), sin_zero: (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0))
        zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(sizeofValue(zeroAddress))
        zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

        let defaultRouteReachability = withUnsafePointer(&zeroAddress) {
            SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(kCFAllocatorDefault, UnsafePointer($0))
        }

        var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags(rawValue: 0)
        if SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability!, &flags) == false {
             return false
        }

        let isReachable = flags == .Reachable
        let needsConnection = flags == .ConnectionRequired

        return isReachable && !needsConnection

    }
}

Sie können die Internetverbindung an jedem beliebigen Ort in Ihrem Projekt überprüfen, indem Sie diesen Code verwenden:

if Reachability.isConnectedToNetwork() == true {
    println("Internet connection OK")
} else {
    println("Internet connection FAILED")
}

Wenn der Benutzer nicht mit dem Internet verbunden ist, können Sie ihm ein Benachrichtigungsdialogfeld anzeigen, um ihn zu benachrichtigen.

if Reachability.isConnectedToNetwork() == true {
    println("Internet connection OK")
} else {
    println("Internet connection FAILED")
    var alert = UIAlertView(title: "No Internet Connection", message: "Make sure your device is connected to the internet.", delegate: nil, cancelButtonTitle: "OK")
    alert.show()
}

Erklärung:

Wir erstellen eine wiederverwendbare öffentliche Klasse und eine Methode, die überall im Projekt zur Überprüfung der Internetverbindung verwendet werden kann. Wir müssen Fundament- und Systemkonfigurations-Frameworks hinzufügen. 

In der öffentlichen Klasse Reachability gibt die Methode isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool { } einen Bool-Wert über die Internetkonnektivität zurück. Wir verwenden eine if-Schleife, um die erforderlichen Aktionen für den Fall auszuführen. Ich hoffe das reicht. Prost!

56
A.G

Wenn jemand schon Alamofire then - benutzt

struct Connectivity {
  static let sharedInstance = NetworkReachabilityManager()!
  static var isConnectedToInternet:Bool {
      return self.sharedInstance.isReachable
    }
}

Verwendungszweck:

if Connectivity.isConnectedToInternet {
     print("Connected")
 } else {
     print("No Internet")
}
33
Jack

Ich habe die Implementierung der Ashley Mill Reachability-Klasse ohne Cocoa Pods/Dependancy Manager überprüft. Die Idee ist, die Erreichbarkeitsabhängigkeit im Projekt frei zu machen. 

Xcode 7.2 - Swift 2.1

1) https://github.com/ashleymills/Reachability.Swift . Laden Sie die Reachability-Klasse zum Projekt hinzu.

Hinweis: Stellen Sie beim Hinzufügen sicher, dass "Elemente kopieren, falls erforderlich" angekreuzt ist.

2) Erstellen Sie eine AppManager.Swift-Klasse. Diese Klasse eignet sich als Public Model-Klasse, in der öffentliche Methoden und Daten hinzugefügt werden, die in jedem VC verwendet werden können.

//  AppManager.Swift

import UIKit
import Foundation

class AppManager: NSObject{
    var delegate:AppManagerDelegate? = nil
    private var _useClosures:Bool = false
    private var reachability: Reachability?
    private var _isReachability:Bool = false
    private var _reachabiltyNetworkType :String?

    var isReachability:Bool {
        get {return _isReachability}
    }  
   var reachabiltyNetworkType:String {
    get {return _reachabiltyNetworkType! }
   }   




    // Create a shared instance of AppManager
    final  class var sharedInstance : AppManager {
        struct Static {
            static var instance : AppManager?
        }
        if !(Static.instance != nil) {
            Static.instance = AppManager()

        }
        return Static.instance!
    }

    // Reachability Methods
    func initRechabilityMonitor() {
        print("initialize rechability...")
        do {
            let reachability = try Reachability.reachabilityForInternetConnection()
            self.reachability = reachability
        } catch ReachabilityError.FailedToCreateWithAddress(let address) {
            print("Unable to create\nReachability with address:\n\(address)")
            return
        } catch {}
        if (_useClosures) {
            reachability?.whenReachable = { reachability in
                self.notifyReachability(reachability)
            }
            reachability?.whenUnreachable = { reachability in
                self.notifyReachability(reachability)
            }
        } else {
            self.notifyReachability(reachability!)
        }

        do {
            try reachability?.startNotifier()
        } catch {
            print("unable to start notifier")
            return
        }


    }        
    private func notifyReachability(reachability:Reachability) {
        if reachability.isReachable() {
            self._isReachability = true

//Determine Network Type 
      if reachability.isReachableViaWiFi() {   
        self._reachabiltyNetworkType = CONNECTION_NETWORK_TYPE.WIFI_NETWORK.rawValue
      } else {
        self._reachabiltyNetworkType = CONNECTION_NETWORK_TYPE.WWAN_NETWORK.rawValue
      }

        } else {
            self._isReachability = false
self._reachabiltyNetworkType = CONNECTION_NETWORK_TYPE.OTHER.rawValue

        }

        NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: "reachabilityChanged:", name: ReachabilityChangedNotification, object: reachability)
    }
    func reachabilityChanged(note: NSNotification) {
        let reachability = note.object as! Reachability
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue()) {
            if (self._useClosures) {
                self.reachability?.whenReachable = { reachability in
                    self.notifyReachability(reachability)
                }
                self.reachability?.whenUnreachable = { reachability in
                    self.notifyReachability(reachability)
                }
            } else {
                self.notifyReachability(reachability)
            }
            self.delegate?.reachabilityStatusChangeHandler(reachability)
        }
    }
    deinit {
        reachability?.stopNotifier()
        if (!_useClosures) {
            NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().removeObserver(self, name: ReachabilityChangedNotification, object: nil)
        }
    }
}

3) Machen Sie eine Delegiertenklasse. Ich verwende Delegatmethode, um den Verbindungsstatus zu benachrichtigen.

//  Protocols.Swift

import Foundation
@objc protocol AppManagerDelegate:NSObjectProtocol {

    func reachabilityStatusChangeHandler(reachability:Reachability)
}

4) Machen Sie die übergeordnete Klasse von UIViewController (Inheritance-Methode). Die übergeordnete Klasse verfügt über Methoden, auf die alle untergeordneten VCs zugreifen können. 

//  UIappViewController.Swift

    import UIKit

    class UIappViewController: UIViewController,AppManagerDelegate {
        var manager:AppManager = AppManager.sharedInstance

        override func viewDidLoad() {
            super.viewDidLoad()
            manager.delegate = self
        }
        override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
            super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
        }
        func reachabilityStatusChangeHandler(reachability: Reachability) {
            if reachability.isReachable() {
                print("isReachable")
            } else {
                print("notReachable")
            }
        }
    }

5) Starten Sie die Echtzeitüberwachung der Internetkonnektivität in AppDelegate.

func application(application: UIApplication, didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [NSObject: AnyObject]?) -> Bool {
    AppManager.sharedInstance.initRechabilityMonitor()
return true
}

6) Ich habe eine Swift-Dateiname-AppReference hinzugefügt, um konstante Aufzählungswerte zu speichern.

//  AppReference.Swift

import Foundation

enum CONNECTION_NETWORK_TYPE : String {

  case WIFI_NETWORK = "Wifi"
  case WWAN_NETWORK = "Cellular"
  case OTHER = "Other"

}

7) Auf ViewController (z. B. Sie möchten eine API nur aufrufen, wenn das Netzwerk verfügbar ist)

//  ViewController.Swift

        import UIKit

class ViewController: UIappViewController {
  var reachability:Reachability?

  override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    manager.delegate = self

    if(AppManager.sharedInstance.isReachability)
    {
      print("net available")
      //call API from here.

    } else {
      dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue()) {
        print("net not available")
        //Show Alert
      }
    }


    //Determine Network Type
    if(AppManager.sharedInstance.reachabiltyNetworkType == "Wifi")
    {
      print(".Wifi")
    }
    else if (AppManager.sharedInstance.reachabiltyNetworkType == "Cellular")
    {
      print(".Cellular")
    }
    else {
      dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue()) {
        print("Network not reachable")
      }
    }

  }
  override func viewWillAppear(animated: Bool) {
  }
  override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
  }
}

Das Beispiel kann heruntergeladen werden @ https://github.com/alvinreuben/Reachability-Sample

Aktualisierung auf Swift 3.1- https://github.com/alvinvgeorge/Reachability-UpgradedToSwift3

14
A.G

Ich habe das nur für mich herausgefunden.

Xcode: 7.3.1, iOS 9.3.3

Mit ashleymills/Reachability.Swift als Erreichbarkeit.Swift in meinem Projekt habe ich folgende Funktion erstellt:

func hasConnectivity() -> Bool {
    do {
        let reachability: Reachability = try Reachability.reachabilityForInternetConnection()
        let networkStatus: Int = reachability.currentReachabilityStatus.hashValue

        return (networkStatus != 0)
    }
    catch {
        // Handle error however you please
        return false
    }
}

Rufen Sie einfach hasConnectivity() auf, wo immer Sie nach einer Verbindung suchen müssen. Dies funktioniert sowohl für Wifi als auch für Cellular.


Hinzufügen der Erreichbarkeit von Ashleymills.Schnell, damit sich die Benutzer nicht zwischen Standorten bewegen müssen:

Copyright (c) 2014, Ashley Mills
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

// Reachability.Swift version 2.2beta2

import SystemConfiguration
import Foundation

public enum ReachabilityError: ErrorType {
    case FailedToCreateWithAddress(sockaddr_in)
    case FailedToCreateWithHostname(String)
    case UnableToSetCallback
    case UnableToSetDispatchQueue
}

public let ReachabilityChangedNotification = "ReachabilityChangedNotification"

func callback(reachability:SCNetworkReachability, flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags, info: UnsafeMutablePointer<Void>) {
    let reachability = Unmanaged<Reachability>.fromOpaque(COpaquePointer(info)).takeUnretainedValue()

    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue()) {
        reachability.reachabilityChanged(flags)
    }
}


public class Reachability: NSObject {

    public typealias NetworkReachable = (Reachability) -> ()
    public typealias NetworkUnreachable = (Reachability) -> ()

    public enum NetworkStatus: CustomStringConvertible {

        case NotReachable, ReachableViaWiFi, ReachableViaWWAN

        public var description: String {
            switch self {
            case .ReachableViaWWAN:
                return "Cellular"
            case .ReachableViaWiFi:
                return "WiFi"
            case .NotReachable:
                return "No Connection"
            }
        }
    }

    // MARK: - *** Public properties ***
    public var whenReachable: NetworkReachable?
    public var whenUnreachable: NetworkUnreachable?
    public var reachableOnWWAN: Bool
    public var notificationCenter = NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter()

    public var currentReachabilityStatus: NetworkStatus {
        if isReachable() {
            if isReachableViaWiFi() {
                return .ReachableViaWiFi
            }
            if isRunningOnDevice {
                return .ReachableViaWWAN
            }
        }
        return .NotReachable
    }

    public var currentReachabilityString: String {
        return "\(currentReachabilityStatus)"
    }

    private var previousFlags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags?

    // MARK: - *** Initialisation methods ***

    required public init(reachabilityRef: SCNetworkReachability) {
        reachableOnWWAN = true
        self.reachabilityRef = reachabilityRef
    }

    public convenience init(hostname: String) throws {

        let nodename = (hostname as NSString).UTF8String
        guard let ref = SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithName(nil, nodename) else { throw ReachabilityError.FailedToCreateWithHostname(hostname) }

        self.init(reachabilityRef: ref)
    }

    public class func reachabilityForInternetConnection() throws -> Reachability {

        var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in()
        zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(sizeofValue(zeroAddress))
        zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

        guard let ref = withUnsafePointer(&zeroAddress, {
            SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, UnsafePointer($0))
        }) else { throw ReachabilityError.FailedToCreateWithAddress(zeroAddress) }

        return Reachability(reachabilityRef: ref)
    }

    public class func reachabilityForLocalWiFi() throws -> Reachability {

        var localWifiAddress: sockaddr_in = sockaddr_in(sin_len: __uint8_t(0), sin_family: sa_family_t(0), sin_port: in_port_t(0), sin_addr: in_addr(s_addr: 0), sin_zero: (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0))
        localWifiAddress.sin_len = UInt8(sizeofValue(localWifiAddress))
        localWifiAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

        // IN_LINKLOCALNETNUM is defined in <netinet/in.h> as 169.254.0.0
        let address: UInt32 = 0xA9FE0000
        localWifiAddress.sin_addr.s_addr = in_addr_t(address.bigEndian)

        guard let ref = withUnsafePointer(&localWifiAddress, {
            SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, UnsafePointer($0))
        }) else { throw ReachabilityError.FailedToCreateWithAddress(localWifiAddress) }

        return Reachability(reachabilityRef: ref)
    }

    // MARK: - *** Notifier methods ***
    public func startNotifier() throws {

        guard !notifierRunning else { return }

        var context = SCNetworkReachabilityContext(version: 0, info: nil, retain: nil, release: nil, copyDescription: nil)
        context.info = UnsafeMutablePointer(Unmanaged.passUnretained(self).toOpaque())

        if !SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback(reachabilityRef!, callback, &context) {
            stopNotifier()
            throw ReachabilityError.UnableToSetCallback
        }

        if !SCNetworkReachabilitySetDispatchQueue(reachabilityRef!, reachabilitySerialQueue) {
            stopNotifier()
            throw ReachabilityError.UnableToSetDispatchQueue
        }

        // Perform an intial check
        dispatch_async(reachabilitySerialQueue) { () -> Void in
            let flags = self.reachabilityFlags
            self.reachabilityChanged(flags)
        }

        notifierRunning = true
    }

    public func stopNotifier() {
        defer { notifierRunning = false }
        guard let reachabilityRef = reachabilityRef else { return }

        SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback(reachabilityRef, nil, nil)
        SCNetworkReachabilitySetDispatchQueue(reachabilityRef, nil)
    }

    // MARK: - *** Connection test methods ***
    public func isReachable() -> Bool {
        let flags = reachabilityFlags
        return isReachableWithFlags(flags)
    }

    public func isReachableViaWWAN() -> Bool {

        let flags = reachabilityFlags

        // Check we're not on the simulator, we're REACHABLE and check we're on WWAN
        return isRunningOnDevice && isReachable(flags) && isOnWWAN(flags)
    }

    public func isReachableViaWiFi() -> Bool {

        let flags = reachabilityFlags

        // Check we're reachable
        if !isReachable(flags) {
            return false
        }

        // Must be on WiFi if reachable but not on an iOS device (i.e. simulator)
        if !isRunningOnDevice {
            return true
        }

        // Check we're NOT on WWAN
        return !isOnWWAN(flags)
    }

    // MARK: - *** Private methods ***
    private var isRunningOnDevice: Bool = {
        #if (Arch(i386) || Arch(x86_64)) && os(iOS)
            return false
        #else
            return true
        #endif
    }()

    private var notifierRunning = false
    private var reachabilityRef: SCNetworkReachability?
    private let reachabilitySerialQueue = dispatch_queue_create("uk.co.ashleymills.reachability", DISPATCH_QUEUE_SERIAL)

    private func reachabilityChanged(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) {

        guard previousFlags != flags else { return }

        if isReachableWithFlags(flags) {
            if let block = whenReachable {
                block(self)
            }
        } else {
            if let block = whenUnreachable {
                block(self)
            }
        }

        notificationCenter.postNotificationName(ReachabilityChangedNotification, object:self)

        previousFlags = flags
    }

    private func isReachableWithFlags(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {

        if !isReachable(flags) {
            return false
        }

        if isConnectionRequiredOrTransient(flags) {
            return false
        }

        if isRunningOnDevice {
            if isOnWWAN(flags) && !reachableOnWWAN {
                // We don't want to connect when on 3G.
                return false
            }
        }

        return true
    }

    // WWAN may be available, but not active until a connection has been established.
    // WiFi may require a connection for VPN on Demand.
    private func isConnectionRequired() -> Bool {
        return connectionRequired()
    }

    private func connectionRequired() -> Bool {
        let flags = reachabilityFlags
        return isConnectionRequired(flags)
    }

    // Dynamic, on demand connection?
    private func isConnectionOnDemand() -> Bool {
        let flags = reachabilityFlags
        return isConnectionRequired(flags) && isConnectionOnTrafficOrDemand(flags)
    }

    // Is user intervention required?
    private func isInterventionRequired() -> Bool {
        let flags = reachabilityFlags
        return isConnectionRequired(flags) && isInterventionRequired(flags)
    }

    private func isOnWWAN(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        #if os(iOS)
            return flags.contains(.IsWWAN)
        #else
            return false
        #endif
    }
    private func isReachable(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.Reachable)
    }
    private func isConnectionRequired(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.ConnectionRequired)
    }
    private func isInterventionRequired(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.InterventionRequired)
    }
    private func isConnectionOnTraffic(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.ConnectionOnTraffic)
    }
    private func isConnectionOnDemand(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.ConnectionOnDemand)
    }
    func isConnectionOnTrafficOrDemand(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return !flags.intersect([.ConnectionOnTraffic, .ConnectionOnDemand]).isEmpty
    }
    private func isTransientConnection(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.TransientConnection)
    }
    private func isLocalAddress(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.IsLocalAddress)
    }
    private func isDirect(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        return flags.contains(.IsDirect)
    }
    private func isConnectionRequiredOrTransient(flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags) -> Bool {
        let testcase:SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = [.ConnectionRequired, .TransientConnection]
        return flags.intersect(testcase) == testcase
    }

    private var reachabilityFlags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags {

        guard let reachabilityRef = reachabilityRef else { return SCNetworkReachabilityFlags() }

        var flags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags()
        let gotFlags = withUnsafeMutablePointer(&flags) {
            SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(reachabilityRef, UnsafeMutablePointer($0))
        }

        if gotFlags {
            return flags
        } else {
            return SCNetworkReachabilityFlags()
        }
    }

    override public var description: String {

        var W: String
        if isRunningOnDevice {
            W = isOnWWAN(reachabilityFlags) ? "W" : "-"
        } else {
            W = "X"
        }
        let R = isReachable(reachabilityFlags) ? "R" : "-"
        let c = isConnectionRequired(reachabilityFlags) ? "c" : "-"
        let t = isTransientConnection(reachabilityFlags) ? "t" : "-"
        let i = isInterventionRequired(reachabilityFlags) ? "i" : "-"
        let C = isConnectionOnTraffic(reachabilityFlags) ? "C" : "-"
        let D = isConnectionOnDemand(reachabilityFlags) ? "D" : "-"
        let l = isLocalAddress(reachabilityFlags) ? "l" : "-"
        let d = isDirect(reachabilityFlags) ? "d" : "-"

        return "\(W)\(R) \(c)\(t)\(i)\(C)\(D)\(l)\(d)"
    }

    deinit {
        stopNotifier()

        reachabilityRef = nil
        whenReachable = nil
        whenUnreachable = nil
    }
}
8
cmeadows

Apple hat das Network Framework in iOS12 eingeführt.

import Foundation
import Network

class NetworkReachability {

   var pathMonitor: NWPathMonitor!
   var path: NWPath?
   var pathUpdateHandler: ((NWPath) -> Void) = { path in
    self.path = path
    if path.status == NWPath.Status.satisfied {
        print("Connected")
    } else if path.status == NWPath.Status.unsatisfied {
        print("unsatisfied")
    } else if path.status == NWPath.Status.requiresConnection {
        print("requiresConnection")
    } 
}

let backgroudQueue = DispatchQueue.global(qos: .background)

init() {
    pathMonitor = NWPathMonitor()
    pathMonitor.pathUpdateHandler = self.pathUpdateHandler
    pathMonitor.start(queue: backgroudQueue)
   } 

 func isNetworkAvailable() -> Bool {
        if let path = self.path {
           if path.status == NWPath.Status.satisfied {
            return true
          }
        }
       return false
   }
 }
3
Yogendra Singh

Obwohl es nicht direkt auf Ihre Frage antwortet, möchte ich erwähnen, dass Apple kürzlich dieses Gespräch hatte:

https://developer.Apple.com/videos/play/wwdc2018/714/

Um 09:55 spricht er darüber, was Sie nach etwas fragen, nach dem Sie fragen:

  1. Überprüfen Sie Ihre Verbindung
  2. Wenn Verbindung -> etwas tun
  3. Wenn keine Verbindung -> etwas anderes machen (warten? Erneut versuchen?)

Dies hat jedoch einige Fallstricke:

  • Was ist, wenn es in Schritt 2 sagt, dass es eine Verbindung hat, aber 0,5 Sekunden später nicht?
  • Was ist, wenn sich der Benutzer hinter einem Proxy befindet
  • Zu guter Letzt, was ist, wenn einige Antworten die Konnektivität nicht richtig bestimmen können? (Ich bin sicher, dass Sie, wenn Sie schnell Ihre Verbindung wechseln, zum WLAN gehen und sie ausschalten (machen Sie es nur kompliziert), fast nie richtig feststellen können, ob ich eine Verbindung habe oder nicht).
  • Zitat aus dem Video: "Es gibt keine Möglichkeit zu garantieren, ob eine zukünftige Operation erfolgreich sein wird oder nicht"

Die folgenden Punkte sind einige bewährte Vorgehensweisen von Apple:

Laut dem Vortrag sollte es sollte keinen Grund geben, vorab zu prüfen, ob Sie eine Internetverbindung haben oder nicht, da dies möglicherweise zu dem Zeitpunkt, zu dem Sie Ihre Anfrage an den Server senden, nicht genau ist.

3
J. Doe

Wenn Sie Alamofire verwenden, können Sie Folgendes tun:

let configuration = NSURLSessionConfiguration.defaultSessionConfiguration()
configuration.timeoutIntervalForRequest = 15 //Set timeouts in sec
configuration.timeoutIntervalForResource = 15

let alamoFireManager = Alamofire.Manager(configuration:configuration)
alamoFireManager?.request(.GET, "https://yourURL.com", parameters: headers, encoding: .URL)
                     .validate()
                              .responseJSON { response in

                                if let error = response.result.error {
                                   switch error.code{
                                    case -1001:
                                        print("Slow connection")
                                        return
                                    case -1009:
                                        print("No Connection!")
                                        return
                                    default: break
                                    }
                                }
2
Illya Krit

Ich habe meine eigene Lösung mit NSTimer und Alamofire gemacht:

import Alamofire

public class ConnectionHelper: NSObject {
    var request: Alamofire.Request?

    func isInternetConnected(completionHandler: Bool -> Void) {
        NSTimer.scheduledTimerWithTimeInterval(5.0, target: self, selector: "requestTimeout", userInfo: nil, repeats: false)

        request = Alamofire
            .request(
                Method.HEAD,
                "http://www.testurl.com"
            )
            .response { response in
                if response.3?.code == -999 {
                    completionHandler(
                        false
                    )
                } else {
                    completionHandler(
                        true
                    )
                }
        }
    }

    func requestTimeout() {
        request!.cancel()
    }
}

Der NSTimer wird als Timeout verwendet und wurde aufgrund von unzuverlässigen Ergebnissen beim Alamofire-Timeout verwendet. Die Anforderung sollte an eine URL gerichtet werden, von der Sie glauben, dass sie zuverlässig ist, z. B. Ihr eigener Server oder der Server, der die von Ihnen abhängigen Dienste hostet.

Wenn der Zeitgeber abläuft, wird die Anforderung abgebrochen und die Ergebnisse werden mithilfe eines Beendigungshandlers zurückgegeben.

Verwendungszweck:

ConnectionHelper().isInternetConnected() { internetConnected in
    if internetConnected {
        // Connected
    } else {
        // Not connected
    }
}
2
Mark Tickner

hier meine Lösung für Swift 2.3 mit der lib ( Reachability.Swift )

Gehen Sie in Ihre Podfile und fügen Sie Folgendes hinzu:

pod 'ReachabilitySwift', '~> 2.4' // Swift 2.3

Dann in deine terminal:

pod install

Erstellen Sie dann eine neue Datei ReachabilityManager und fügen Sie folgenden Code hinzu:

import Foundation
import ReachabilitySwift

enum ReachabilityManagerType {
    case Wifi
    case Cellular
    case None
}

class ReachabilityManager {
    static let sharedInstance = ReachabilityManager()

    private var reachability: Reachability!
    private var reachabilityManagerType: ReachabilityManagerType = .None


    private init() {
        do {
            self.reachability = try Reachability.reachabilityForInternetConnection()
        } catch {
            print("Unable to create Reachability")
            return
        }

        NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: #selector(ReachabilityManager.reachabilityChanged(_:)),name: ReachabilityChangedNotification,object: self.reachability)
        do{
            try self.reachability.startNotifier()
        }catch{
            print("could not start reachability notifier")
        }
    }

    @objc private func reachabilityChanged(note: NSNotification) {

        let reachability = note.object as! Reachability

        if reachability.isReachable() {
            if reachability.isReachableViaWiFi() {
                self.reachabilityManagerType = .Wifi
            } else {
                self.reachabilityManagerType = .Cellular
            }
        } else {
            self.reachabilityManagerType = .None
        }
    }
}

extension ReachabilityManager {

    func isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool {
        return reachabilityManagerType != .None
    }

}

Wie man es benutzt:

gehen Sie in Ihren AppDelegate.Swift und fügen Sie den Code unten ein:

func application(application: UIApplication, didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [NSObject: AnyObject]?) -> Bool {
     ReachabilityManager.sharedInstance
}

Wenn Sie dann prüfen möchten, ob das Gerät mit dem Internet verbunden ist, führen Sie folgende Schritte aus:

if ReachabilityManager.sharedInstance.isConnectedToNetwork() {
   // Connected
} else {
  // Not connected
}
1
douarbou

Dies ist meine Version. Im Wesentlichen bringt es nichts Neues. Ich habe es an UIDevice gebunden.

import UIKit
import SystemConfiguration

extension UIDevice {

    open class var isConnectedToNetwork: Bool {
        get {
            var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in()
            zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(MemoryLayout.size(ofValue: zeroAddress))
            zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

            guard
                let defaultRouteReachability: SCNetworkReachability = withUnsafePointer(to: &zeroAddress, {
                    $0.withMemoryRebound(to: sockaddr.self, capacity: 1) {
                        SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, $0)
                    }
                }),
                var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags() as SCNetworkReachabilityFlags?,
                SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability, &flags)
                else { return false }

            return flags.contains(.reachable) && !flags.contains(.connectionRequired)
        }
    }

}

print("Network status availability: " + ( UIDevice.isConnectedToNetwork ? "true" : "false" ))
0
jake1981

Für Swift 3 konnte ich nicht nur die Erreichbarkeit von RAJAMOHAN-S-Lösungen nutzen, da "True" zurückgegeben wird, wenn WLAN aber kein Internet vorhanden ist. Daher habe ich die zweite Validierung über die URLSession-Klasse und den Completion-Handler implementiert. 

Hier ist die ganze Klasse. 

import Foundation
import SystemConfiguration

public class Reachability {

class func isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool {

var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in(sin_len: 0, sin_family: 0, sin_port: 0, sin_addr: in_addr(s_addr: 0), sin_zero: (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0))
zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(MemoryLayout.size(ofValue: zeroAddress))
zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

let defaultRouteReachability = withUnsafePointer(to: &zeroAddress) {
  $0.withMemoryRebound(to: sockaddr.self, capacity: 1) {zeroSockAddress in
    SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, zeroSockAddress)
  }
}

var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags(rawValue: 0)
if SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability!, &flags) == false {
  return false
}

// Working for Cellular and WIFI
let isReachable = (flags.rawValue & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsReachable)) != 0
let needsConnection = (flags.rawValue & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsConnectionRequired)) != 0
let ret = (isReachable && !needsConnection)

return ret
}



class func isInternetAvailable(webSiteToPing: String?, completionHandler: @escaping (Bool) -> Void) {

// 1. Check the WiFi Connection
guard isConnectedToNetwork() else {
  completionHandler(false)
  return
}

// 2. Check the Internet Connection
var webAddress = "https://www.google.com" // Default Web Site
if let _ = webSiteToPing {
  webAddress = webSiteToPing!
}

guard let url = URL(string: webAddress) else {
  completionHandler(false)
  print("could not create url from: \(webAddress)")
  return
}

let urlRequest = URLRequest(url: url)
let session = URLSession.shared
let task = session.dataTask(with: urlRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) in
  if error != nil || response == nil {
    completionHandler(false)
  } else {
    completionHandler(true)
  }
})

  task.resume()
}
}

Und das nennen Sie zum Beispiel so: 

Reachability.isInternetAvailable(webSiteToPing: nil) { (isInternetAvailable) in
  guard isInternetAvailable else {
    // Inform user for example
    return
  }

  // Do some action if there is Internet
}
0
Pavle Mijatovic

Mit Hilfe des untenstehenden Codes können Sie sowohl für das Mobilfunknetz als auch für WLAN auf Internetverbindung prüfen. Sprache - Swift 3.0 

import UIKit
import Foundation
import SystemConfiguration

class NetworkConnection: UIViewController {

  class func isConnectedToNetwork() -> Bool {
    var zeroAddress = sockaddr_in(sin_len: 0, sin_family: 0, sin_port: 0, sin_addr: in_addr(s_addr: 0), sin_zero: (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0))
    zeroAddress.sin_len = UInt8(MemoryLayout.size(ofValue: zeroAddress))
    zeroAddress.sin_family = sa_family_t(AF_INET)

    guard let defaultRouteReachability = withUnsafePointer(to: &zeroAddress, {
      $0.withMemoryRebound(to: sockaddr.self, capacity: 1) {
        SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(nil, $0)
      }
    }) else {
      return false
    }

    var flags: SCNetworkReachabilityFlags = SCNetworkReachabilityFlags(rawValue: 0)
    if SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(defaultRouteReachability, &flags) == false {
      return false
    }
    let isReachable = (flags.rawValue & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsReachable)) != 0
    let needsConnection = (flags.rawValue & UInt32(kSCNetworkFlagsConnectionRequired)) != 0
    return (isReachable && !needsConnection)
  }

  class func checkConnection(sender:UIViewController){
    if NetworkConnection.isConnectedToNetwork() == true {
      print("Connected to the internet")
      //  Do something
    } else {
      print("No internet connection")
      let alertController = UIAlertController(title: "No Internet Available", message: "", preferredStyle: UIAlertControllerStyle.alert)
      let okAction = UIAlertAction(title: "Ok", style: UIAlertActionStyle.default){(result:UIAlertAction) -> Void in
        return
      }
      alertController.addAction(okAction)
      sender.present(alertController, animated: true, completion: nil)
      //  Do something
    }
  }

}
0
Ronit

Es kann zwar nicht direkt festgestellt werden, ob das Telefon mit einem Netzwerk verbunden ist, die einfachste (, sauberste?) Lösung wäre jedoch, Google oder einen anderen Server anzupingen (was nur möglich ist, wenn das Telefon mit einem Netzwerk verbunden ist) ):

private var urlSession:URLSession = {
    var newConfiguration:URLSessionConfiguration = .default
    newConfiguration.waitsForConnectivity = false
    newConfiguration.allowsCellularAccess = true
    return URLSession(configuration: newConfiguration)
}()

public func canReachGoogle() -> Bool
{
    let url = URL(string: "https://8.8.8.8")
    let semaphore = DispatchSemaphore(value: 0)
    var success = false
    let task = urlSession.dataTask(with: url!)
    { data, response, error in
        if error != nil
        {
            success = false
        }
        else
        {
            success = true
        }
        semaphore.signal()
    }

    task.resume()
    semaphore.wait()

    return success
}

Wenn Sie befürchten, dass der Server ausfällt oder Ihre IP blockiert, können Sie immer mehrere Server auf ähnliche Weise anpingen und zurückgeben, ob einer von ihnen erreichbar ist. Oder lassen Sie einen dedizierten Server nur für diesen Zweck einrichten.

0
A. L. Strine