web-dev-qa-db-de.com

E-Mail-Anhang mit Java senden

Ich versuche E-Mails mit Java und G-Mail zu senden. Ich habe meine Dateien in der Cloud und die gespeicherten Dateien, die ich als Anhang an meine E-Mail senden möchte, gespeichert.

Es sollte diese Dateien zu dieser Mail hinzufügen und keine Links dieser Dateien.

Wie kann ich solche Anhänge senden?

34
Pravin

Arbeitscode, ich habe Java Mail 1.4.7 jar verwendet

import Java.util.Properties;
import javax.activation.*;
import javax.mail.*;

public class MailProjectClass {

public static void main(String[] args) {

    final String username = "[email protected]";
    final String password = "your.password";

    Properties props = new Properties();
    props.put("mail.smtp.auth", true);
    props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", true);
    props.put("mail.smtp.Host", "smtp.gmail.com");
    props.put("mail.smtp.port", "587");

    Session session = Session.getInstance(props,
            new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
                protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                    return new PasswordAuthentication(username, password);
                }
            });

    try {

        Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
        message.setFrom(new InternetAddress("[email protected]"));
        message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                InternetAddress.parse("[email protected]"));
        message.setSubject("Testing Subject");
        message.setText("PFA");

        MimeBodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();

        Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();

        messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
        String file = "path of file to be attached";
        String fileName = "attachmentName";
        DataSource source = new FileDataSource(file);
        messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));
        messageBodyPart.setFileName(fileName);
        multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);

        message.setContent(multipart);

        System.out.println("Sending");

        Transport.send(message);

        System.out.println("Done");

    } catch (MessagingException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
}
54
NINCOMPOOP

Aus einem unbekannten Grund funktioniert die akzeptierte Antwort teilweise, wenn ich E-Mails an meine Google Mail-Adresse sende. Ich habe den Anhang, aber nicht den Text der E-Mail.

Wenn Sie sowohl Anhang als auch Text wünschen, versuchen Sie dies anhand der akzeptierten Antwort:

    Properties props = new Java.util.Properties();
    props.put("mail.smtp.Host", "yourHost");
    props.put("mail.smtp.port", "yourHostPort");
    props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");             
    props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");


    // Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, null);
    Session session = Session.getInstance(props,
              new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
                protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                    return new PasswordAuthentication("user", "password");
                }
              });


    Message msg = new MimeMessage(session);
    try {
        msg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(mailFrom));
        msg.setRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(mailTo));
        msg.setSubject("your subject");

        Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();

        MimeBodyPart textBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
        textBodyPart.setText("your text");

        MimeBodyPart attachmentBodyPart= new MimeBodyPart();
        DataSource source = new FileDataSource(attachementPath); // ex : "C:\\test.pdf"
        attachmentBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));
        attachmentBodyPart.setFileName(fileName); // ex : "test.pdf"

        multipart.addBodyPart(textBodyPart);  // add the text part
        multipart.addBodyPart(attachmentBodyPart); // add the attachement part

        msg.setContent(multipart);


        Transport.send(msg);
    } catch (MessagingException e) {
        LOGGER.log(Level.SEVERE,"Error while sending email",e);
    }
19
amdev

Mit Spring Framework können Sie viele Anhänge hinzufügen: 

package com.mkyong.common;


import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

import org.springframework.core.io.FileSystemResource;
import org.springframework.mail.MailParseException;
import org.springframework.mail.SimpleMailMessage;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSender;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessageHelper;

public class MailMail
{
    private JavaMailSender mailSender;
    private SimpleMailMessage simpleMailMessage;

    public void setSimpleMailMessage(SimpleMailMessage simpleMailMessage) {
        this.simpleMailMessage = simpleMailMessage;
    }

    public void setMailSender(JavaMailSender mailSender) {
        this.mailSender = mailSender;
    }

    public void sendMail(String dear, String content) {

       MimeMessage message = mailSender.createMimeMessage();

       try{
        MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true);

        helper.setFrom(simpleMailMessage.getFrom());
        helper.setTo(simpleMailMessage.getTo());
        helper.setSubject(simpleMailMessage.getSubject());
        helper.setText(String.format(
            simpleMailMessage.getText(), dear, content));

        FileSystemResource file = new FileSystemResource("/home/abdennour/Documents/cv.pdf");
        helper.addAttachment(file.getFilename(), file);

         }catch (MessagingException e) {
        throw new MailParseException(e);
         }
         mailSender.send(message);
         }
}

Um zu wissen, wie Sie Ihr Projekt für diesen Code konfigurieren können, lesen Sie dieses Tutorial .

1
Abdennour TOUMI

Wenn Sie mir erlauben, es funktioniert gut auch für Multi-Attachments , die 1. Antwort von NINCOMPOOP, mit nur ein paar Modifikationen wie folgt: 

DataSource source,source2,source3,source4, ...;  
source = new FileDataSource(myfile);  
messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));  
messageBodyPart.setFileName(myfile);  
multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);  

source2 = new FileDataSource(myfile2);  
messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source2));  
messageBodyPart.setFileName(myfile2);  
multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);  

source3 = new FileDataSource(myfile3);  
messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source3));  
messageBodyPart.setFileName(myfile3);  
multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);  

source4 = new FileDataSource(myfile4);  
messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source4));  
messageBodyPart.setFileName(myfile4);  
multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);  

...

message.setContent(multipart);
0
danciplus

Das hat bei mir funktioniert.

Ich gehe davon aus, dass mein Anhang ein PDF-Format hat.

Kommentare werden gemacht, um es klar zu verstehen. 

public class MailAttachmentTester {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Recipient's email ID needs to be mentioned.
        String to = "[email protected]";
        // Sender's email ID needs to be mentioned
        String from = "[email protected]";
        final String username = "[email protected]";//change accordingly
        final String password = "test";//change accordingly
        // Assuming you are sending email through relay.jangosmtp.net
        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put("mail.smtp.Host", "smtp.gmail.com");
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class",
                "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", "465");
        // Get the Session object.
        Session session = Session.getInstance(props,
                new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
                    protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                        return new PasswordAuthentication(username, password);
                    }
                });
        try {
            // Create a default MimeMessage object.
            Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
            // Set From: header field of the header.
            message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));
            // Set To: header field of the header.
            message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                    InternetAddress.parse(to));
            // Set Subject: header field
            message.setSubject("Attachment");
            // Create the message part
            BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
            // Now set the actual message
            messageBodyPart.setText("Please find the attachment below");
            // Create a multipar message
            Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();
            // Set text message part
            multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);
            // Part two is attachment
            messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
            String filename = "D:/test.PDF";
            DataSource source = new FileDataSource(filename);
            messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));
            messageBodyPart.setFileName(filename);
            multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);
            // Send the complete message parts
            message.setContent(multipart);
            // Send message
            Transport.send(message);
            System.out.println("Email Sent Successfully !!");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

} 
0
Dulith De Costa