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Tomcat 7-SSL ist fehlgeschlagen

Ich verwende Tomcat 7 und werde den SSL-Connector aktivieren Eigentlich habe ich diese Lösung in der Datei server.xml bearbeitet:

<Connector
   clientAuth="true" port="8443" minSpareThreads="5" maxSpareThreads="75"
   enableLookups="true" disableUploadTimeout="true"
   acceptCount="100" maxThreads="200"
   scheme="https" secure="true" SSLEnabled="true"
   keystoreFile="${catalina.home}/conf/server.jks"
   keystoreType="JKS" keystorePass="password"
   truststoreFile="${catalina.home}/conf/server.jks"
   truststoreType="JKS" truststorePass="password"
   SSLVerifyClient="require" SSLEngine="on" SSLVerifyDepth="2" sslProtocol="TLS"
/>

Aber ich bekomme diese Ausnahme beim Start des Servers.

Connectorattribut SSLCertificateFile muss bei Verwendung von SSL mit .__ definiert werden. APR . Fehler beim Initialisieren des Connectors [Connector [HTTP/1.1-8443]]

Ich benutze einen selbst erstellten Keystore. Hat jemand ein gutes und einfaches Tutorial oder eine gute Idee?

Vielen Dank

P.S. Ich poste meine Akteur server.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!--
  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

      http://www.Apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
-->
<!-- Note:  A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
     define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
     Documentation at /docs/config/server.html
 -->
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
  <!-- Security listener. Documentation at /docs/config/listeners.html
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.security.SecurityListener" />
  -->
  <!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
  <!--Initialize Jasper prior to webapps are loaded. Documentation at /docs/jasper-howto.html -->
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.JasperListener" />
  <!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular Java/javax APIs-->
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.ThreadLocalLeakPreventionListener" />

  <!-- Global JNDI resources
       Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
  -->
  <GlobalNamingResources>
    <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
    -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.Apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              factory="org.Apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
              pathname="conf/Tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>

  <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
       a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container", 
       so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
       Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
   -->
  <Service name="Catalina">

    <!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
    <!--
    <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-" 
        maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
    -->


    <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
         and responses are returned. Documentation at :
         Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
         Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
         APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
         Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
    -->
    <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
    <!--
    <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
               port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    -->           
    <!-- Define a SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
         This connector uses the JSSE configuration, when using APR, the 
         connector should be using the OpenSSL style configuration
         described in the APR documentation -->

<!--
    <Connector  port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
                maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
                clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
 -->

 <Connector
   clientAuth="true" port="8443" minSpareThreads="5" maxSpareThreads="75"
   enableLookups="true" disableUploadTimeout="true"
   acceptCount="100" maxThreads="200"
   scheme="https" secure="true" SSLEnabled="true"
   keystoreFile="${catalina.home}/conf/server.jks"
   keystoreType="JKS" keystorePass="password"
   truststoreFile="${catalina.home}/conf/server.jks"
   truststoreType="JKS" truststorePass="password"
   SSLVerifyClient="require" SSLEngine="on" SSLVerifyDepth="2" sslProtocol="TLS"
/>

    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />


    <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual Host).
         Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

    <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">         
    --> 
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">

      <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
          /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
          /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
      <!--
      <Cluster className="org.Apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
      -->        

      <!-- Use the LockOutRealm to prevent attempts to guess user passwords
           via a brute-force attack -->
      <Realm className="org.Apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">
        <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
             resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
             that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
             available for use by the Realm.  -->
        <Realm className="org.Apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
               resourceName="UserDatabase"/>
      </Realm>

      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">

        <!-- SingleSignOn Valve, share authentication between web applications
             Documentation at: /docs/config/Valve.html -->
        <!--
        <Valve className="org.Apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
        -->

        <!-- Access log processes all example.
             Documentation at: /docs/config/Valve.html
             Note: The pattern used is equivalent to using pattern="common" -->
        <Valve className="org.Apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"  
               prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt"
               pattern="%h %l %u %t &quot;%r&quot; %s %b" resolveHosts="false"/>

      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>
23
Happo

kommentieren Sie diese Zeile aus:

<Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" /> 
25
manhnt

Sie können keinen Keystore verwenden, wenn Sie den APR-Connector verwenden. Es erfordert dieselben Zertifikatsformate wie von Apache.

BEARBEITEN: Wenn Sie Debian oder Ubuntu unter Linux ausführen, können Sie mit dem ssl-cert-Paket ein selbstsigniertes Zertifikat generieren, das mit dem APR-Connector funktioniert, wie unter http://Tomcat.Apache.org/Tomcat-7.0 dokumentiert -doc/ssl-howto.html # Edit_the_Tomcat_Configuration_File (bis zum APR-Abschnitt scrollen).

BEARBEITEN: Versuchen Sie dies als Ihre server.xml-Datei. Ich habe einige der Kommentare entfernt und den APR-Listener auskommentiert. Ihr Schlüsselspeicher sollte jetzt funktionieren.

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
  <!-- Security listener. Documentation at /docs/config/listeners.html
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.security.SecurityListener" />
  -->
  <!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
  <!-- <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" /> -->
  <!--Initialize Jasper prior to webapps are loaded. Documentation at /docs/jasper-howto.html -->
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.JasperListener" />
  <!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular Java/javax APIs-->
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.ThreadLocalLeakPreventionListener" />

  <!-- Global JNDI resources
       Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
  -->
  <GlobalNamingResources>
    <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
    -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.Apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              factory="org.Apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
              pathname="conf/Tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>

  <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
       a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container", 
       so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
       Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
   -->
  <Service name="Catalina">

    <!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
    <!--
    <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-" 
        maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
    -->


    <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
         and responses are returned. Documentation at :
         Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
         Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
         APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
         Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
    -->
    <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
    <!--
    <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
               port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    -->           
    <!-- Define a SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
         This connector uses the JSSE configuration, when using APR, the 
         connector should be using the OpenSSL style configuration
         described in the APR documentation -->

<!--
    <Connector  port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
                maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
                clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
 -->

 <Connector
   clientAuth="true" port="8443" minSpareThreads="5" maxSpareThreads="75"
   enableLookups="true" disableUploadTimeout="true"
   acceptCount="100" maxThreads="200"
   scheme="https" secure="true" SSLEnabled="true"
   keystoreFile="${catalina.home}/conf/server.jks"
   keystoreType="JKS" keystorePass="password"
   truststoreFile="${catalina.home}/conf/server.jks"
   truststoreType="JKS" truststorePass="password"
   SSLVerifyClient="require" SSLEngine="on" SSLVerifyDepth="2" sslProtocol="TLS"
/>

    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector port="8009" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443" />


    <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual Host).
         Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

    <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">         
    --> 
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">

      <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
          /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
          /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
      <!--
      <Cluster className="org.Apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
      -->        

      <!-- Use the LockOutRealm to prevent attempts to guess user passwords
           via a brute-force attack -->
      <Realm className="org.Apache.catalina.realm.LockOutRealm">
        <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
             resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
             that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
             available for use by the Realm.  -->
        <Realm className="org.Apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
               resourceName="UserDatabase"/>
      </Realm>

      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">

        <!-- SingleSignOn Valve, share authentication between web applications
             Documentation at: /docs/config/Valve.html -->
        <!--
        <Valve className="org.Apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
        -->

        <!-- Access log processes all example.
             Documentation at: /docs/config/Valve.html
             Note: The pattern used is equivalent to using pattern="common" -->
        <Valve className="org.Apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"  
               prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt"
               pattern="%h %l %u %t &quot;%r&quot; %s %b" resolveHosts="false"/>

      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>
21
Femi

Der 8443-Port in Tomcat wird standardmäßig für die SSL-Verbindung verwendet.

Ich schlage vor, Sie sehen die Tomcat-Dokumentation für SSL:
http://Tomcat.Apache.org/Tomcat-7.0-doc/ssl-howto.html

Ich habe einen weiteren Link gefunden, der Ihr Problem in kürzester Zeit beheben könnte:
http://Java.dzone.com/articles/setting-ssl-Tomcat-5-minutes Dies ist ein erstaunlicher Artikel. Bitte gehen Sie durch, um das Problem zu lösen . Hoffe, das hilft!

1
Autumn

es gibt zwei Möglichkeiten, SSL auf Tomcat zu implementieren

(APR-Implementierung von SSL und JSSE-Implementierung von SSL)

Der Unterschied ist, dass das JDK seine eigene SSL-Implementierung verwendet, während der APR die auf dem Computer installierten Komponenten verwendet, in den meisten Fällen OpenSSL.

Erster Weg (jSSE) mit Java

  1. Erstellen einer Keystore-Datei 

(Windows-os) in der Befehlszeile cmd [cd $ Java_HOME/bin]

keytool -genkey -alias Tomcat -keyalg RSA

  1. (Konfigurieren der SSL-Connectors von Tomcat) in (..\Tomcat 8.0\conf\server.xml)

<Connector port="8443" protocol="org.Apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
 scheme="https" URIEncoding="UTF-8"sslProtocol="TLS"keystorePass="yourPassword"
keystoreFile="locationofkeystorefile" keyAlias="youralias" clientAuth="false" />

Zweitweg (ARP) mit openssl

  1. Erstellen einer Keystore-Datei mit Java

  2. (Konfigurieren der SSL-Connectors von Tomcat) in (..\Tomcat 8.0\conf\server.xml)

<Listener className="org.Apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on"  />

<Connector protocol="org.Apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol"
port="8443" clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS"
SSLEnabled="true" maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
SSLCertificateFile="/tmp/monitoringPortalCert.pem"
SSLCertificateKeyFile="/tmp/monitoringPortalKey.pem"
SSLPassword="hide"/>

nützliche URLs:

http://Java.dzone.com/articles/setting-ssl-Tomcat-5-Minuten

http://Tomcat.Apache.org/Tomcat-7.0-doc/ssl-howto.html

0
Karim M. Fadel